What is MACH architecture?
MACH architecture is a set of technology principles behind new, best-of-breed technology platforms.
MACH stands for Microservices-based, API-first, Cloud-native, and Headless.
Microservices-based: In other words, individual pieces of business functionality that are independently developed, deployed, and managed. Microservices are made for specific business capabilities and are designed to perform a single function.
API-first: All functionality is exposed through an API, making it possible to tie together two or more applications or services.
Cloud-native: The software development and delivery are entirely cloud-based, built for high performance, and automatic scalability. Services like Amazon, Google, and Microsoft, allow access to on-demand resources to run your application.
Headless: focuses only on the back-end functionality, allowing users to build their own custom front-end user experiences. This allows complete design freedom and functionality in designing the user interface and for connecting to other channels and devices (existing applications, IoT, A/R, Vending Machines, etc.).
Microservices-based is about delivering reliable and flexible IT infrastructure in a highly automated fashion. API-first means designing with APIs from the start. Finally, Cloud-native and headless (which is often lumped together with microservices) are about modern, scalable application architectures that can dynamically adapt to ever-changing demands on computing power.
Each principle at the heart of MACH architecture has multiple benefits to an enterprise, but they all work together in concert to enable innovation and efficiency.
MACH architecture gives businesses the freedom to choose from the best tools on the market, and maintain a structure that makes it easy to add, replace, or remove those tools in the future.
Read More: What does composable commerce mean?
What are the benefits of MACH architecture?
MACH architecture allows businesses to leverage and customize the best cloud-native technology assets in the market, and keep pace with best practices as they evolve. At the same time, MACH architecture decreases operational overhead and enhances developer efficiency, saving money and time.
In addition to avoiding another instance of being handcuffed by outdated technology and the inability to innovate and evolve, here are the 4 benefits of Mach Architecture:
- Improved speed with less risk
- Execute a best-of-breed strategy
- Say goodbye to upgrades
- Seamless customizations and innovation
How do I implement MACH architecture?
MACH architecture is a set of principles, not a specific technology solution. However, the open-source Evernote Hello World code base is an example of a microservices-based mobile application built using MACH architecture principles.
Other MACH architecture code examples are available through the MACH architecture directory.
MACH architecture is not just for mobile and web applications. It is also well suited for hardware, IoT, A/R, Healthcare and other domains since APIs can be used to extend functionality.
MACH Architecture benefits are achieved at all levels of an organization.
How does MACH Architecture work?
MACH architecture works by taking a massive block of components and breaking them down into smaller, interconnected pieces that are able to work more effectively in isolation. It begins with the numerous pieces needed to create a feature-rich interface for online shoppers.
With a traditional e-commerce platform, all the features of the storefront function under a single instance with a single database. With microservices, these services are self-contained and have their own database. This means there could be a different app for customer support, product management, and the shopping cart. The microservices have their own load balancer and execution environment to perform their functionalities while simultaneously capturing data in their own databases.
Microservices use service discovery to find the proper route of communication between each component. They then communicate with each other using an API. Once the microservices have communicated with each other, they deploy static content to a cloud-based service that will deliver the content to clients via content delivery networks (CDNs).
Microservices help to improve the scalability of e-commerce solutions. As the entire system becomes modular, each microservice can be individually scaled through on-demand auto-scaling.
MACH has been adopted by organizations in various industries including automotive, retail, health care, financial services and government agencies.
According to Gartner, MACH architecture is being adopted more than previously expected, and it will become the dominant architecture within two years. The biggest adoption of MACH has been in the cloud-native space as a way to quickly adapt to changes in technology and business needs.
MACH adoption is a growing focus for tech leaders.
Announced earlier this month, the “Enterprise MACHified” 2022 study – conducted by Mel Research – polled IT leaders on their current adoption, readiness, and future plans for the use of MACH architecture and technologies. The study provides a snapshot of the current state of MACH adoption across several key geographies, revealing that many tech leaders have continued to progress towards MACH architectures over the past year – with a 19% increase in companies that have moved away from monolithic to best-of-breed, composable solutions.
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